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LegalSpeaks is a progressive blog on legal-political issues with an impact on race and gender. Whether covering politics, court trials, Supreme Court arguments or the latest laws and bills affecting minorities and women, LegalSpeaks blog articulates unique and thought provoking opinions. The blog is not meant to be construed as legal advice.

5 Progressive Picks for Vice President

May 4th, 2016 | Tags: , , , ,
Posted in Legal | No Comments »

KamalaHarris_NARALThe Democratic Party needs a vice presidential candidate who is likeable and trustworthy, can ignite passion within the Party, energize the Sanders base and minorities and out trump Donald Trump’s rhetoric. There are five good progressive choices who would meet these needs. All five hold law degrees. Their backgrounds vary from a son of a Mexican immigrant, son of former sharecroppers, an African American woman and a Muslim. The five are not in any particular order.


Congressman Xavier Becerra (D.CA), a Latino and former Legal Aid lawyer and California Deputy Attorney General, has served in Congress since 1993. He is currently Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus. His leadership in the Democratic Caucus and as the first Latino on the Ways and Means Committee helps to advance legislation on issues affecting working class families, women, minorities, seniors and the working poor. Rep. Becerra stands in sharp contrast to the derogatory comments made by Donald Trump about Mexicans and building a wall. Becerra’s mother immigrated from Mexico.  And Rep. Becerra would help to make a strong showing among Hispanic voters.

Congressman Keith Ellison (D. MN), the first Muslim elected to serve in Congress would also make a good choice. Rep. Ellison serves on the House Financial Services Committee which oversees Wall Street, banking and housing. Congressman Ellison, Co-Chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, a lawyer and former community activist has long fought for consumer justice, civil and human rights and prosperity for working families. If Ellison became the nominee, the Democratic Party would make a strong statement against the platform of GOP Presidential candidate Donald Trump’s xenophobic rhetoric on exclusion of Muslims.

Senator Elizabeth Warren (D. MA) is the person whom many Progressives urged to run for president. Senator Warren, after hearing that Donald Trump is the likely GOP nominee, says she will fight her heart out to make sure Trump never reaches the White House. One way to likely ensure Trump from reaching his goal is to place Senator Warren on the Democratic ticket.  Senator Warren, known for her fierce stance to hold Wall Street and big banks accountable and fighting for working families, would energize the Democratic base in ways that Hillary Clinton or Bernie Sanders cannot do.

California Attorney General Kamala Harris is the first woman, first African American and first South Asian American to become her state’s attorney general. Although she is running for retiring Senator Barbara Boxer’s seat, currently she is a non-Washington politician, a plus for those opposed to Washington politicians.  In 2012, African American women were the highest voting block  of any other group in the U.S. and overwhelming voted Democratic.  And in 2016, African American women will need to vote at the same rate to help ensure a Democratic win.  Having Harris on the Democratic ticket as vice president may help to get more African Americans and minority women voters to the polls.

Congressman Elijah Cummings (D. MD), a twenty year lawmaker rounds out the list. With full disclosure as a Baltimore native, I have known Congressman Cummings for many years. Rep. Cummings, a son of sharecroppers, served as the highest ranking Democrat on the House Select Committee on Benghazi  where he unleashed an attack on Republicans for wasting taxpayer money on a witch hunt of Hillary Clinton. Rep. Cummings is the ranking member on the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. He knows and understands firsthand the issues of income and wealth inequality, gun violence, police violence as well as the inner workings of Washington politics. Rep. Cummings would make a fitting vice president candidate who could voice unbridled attacks on Trump.

I urge the Democratic Party to nominate a progressive for vice presidential candidate. With Donald Trump’s racist, sexist and xenophobia rants, the stakes are too high to play it safe this year.  The Democratic Party cannot play by old rules and expect to win in 2016.

Washington, DC based Debbie Hines is a trial lawyer, legal/political analyst and former prosecutor. Her Op Ed articles appear in the Washington Post, Baltimore Sun and Huffington Post.



SCOTUS Vacancy May Send Frmr VA Gov. McDonnell to Prison

April 26th, 2016 | Tags: , , , ,
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supcourt_buildingInstead of running his own 2016 Republican campaign for presidential nominee, former Republican Governor and once rising GOP star Bob McDonnell will be awaiting the outcome on his Supreme Court hearing on April 27. McDonnell and his wife Maureen were convicted at trial of receiving gifts and loans in exchange for official government assistance to Star Scientific, the dietary supplement company, of businessman Jonnie Williams, Sr. A federal appeals court upheld their convictions. So now their last Hail Mary is with the Supreme Court.  And the Supreme Court vacancy may seal his fate.


The gifts from businessman Williams ranged from golf outings, catering for their daughter’s wedding, 2 loans, expensive shopping sprees to New York for Mrs. McDonnell, a Rolex watch and an assortment of other gifts, including as specifically outlined in the indictment, as follow:


  1. $50,000 loan, without loan papers, used to pay of the McDonnell’s’ credit card debt
  2. $20,000 additional loan
  3. $15,000 payment to a caterer for the McDonell’s       daughter’s wedding
  4. Round trip tickets for the McDonnell’s daughters to attend an out of town bachelorette party
  5. A lavish shopping spree in New York for Mrs. McDonnell to buy couture designer clothing and accessories for the Governor’s inauguration
  6. A Rolex watch, specifically requested by Mrs. McDonnell to be engraved for her husband, after seeing one on Williams’ arm
  7. Golf outings costing thousands of dollars
  8. Use of private jets
  9. Shares of stock


The prosecution contended and the jury convicted the McDonnells of receiving the gifts in exchange for allowing Williams’ business Star Scientific to produce the launch of its business and product at the VA governor’s mansion and potentially use Virginia employees in clinical trials of the dietary supplement, thereby defrauding Virginia taxpayers.   From looking at the gifts, it looks as if the case was open and shut. And so the question becomes why the Supreme Court agreed to hear arguments.



The defense portrayed Maureen McDonnell as an overzealous wife and as the “fall woman”, throwing her under the bus for his transgressions. McDonnell maintained his innocence and contends that he did not do anything official in exchange for the gifts given to him. Williams for his testimony received immunity and no jail time. Maureen McDonnell was sentenced to one year and one day. And Bob McDonnell was sentenced to two years in federal prison- far less than the almost 10 years requested by the prosecution. Both have remained free pending the final outcome.


As his political case heads to the Supreme Court on Thursday, it goes before a possible tie decision among the justices. And if the justices split along party lines of 4-4, the federal appeals court decision will stand and both McDonnells will be headed to a federal prison.


McDonnell wants the Supreme Court to agree with him that in accepting the gifts, he did not violate the law. His lawyers assert that the former governor did not perform any “official actions” or use “actual government power”; Instead they argue that the former governor only arranged meetings, attended events and the most routine political activities. Hence the argument is McDonnell did political business as usual. In essence, they would argue his case differs drastically from former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich who sought monies to sell former Senator Barack Obama’s vacancy to the highest bidder.


While McDonnell did not outright state any political favors in exchange for Williams’ gifts, a launch of a business at the governor’s mansion is a favor, not likely to be received by most people- just for the asking. And attending functions where he would not have been invited to are circumstantial evidence of a political favor. The nature of the continued gifts over a period of time and the activities afforded to Williams is minimally enough to uphold the conviction. It is true that McDonnell received far more than perhaps what Williams got in exchange for his gifts. However, the quid pro quo  or exchange does not need to be equal for a bribery conviction to be upheld.


McDonnell and his wife’s convictions should be upheld. If not, then anyone with money can buy political favors, however small and call it “politics as usual” without fear of criminal prosecution. The Supreme Court may have taken this case to show that any amount of money in exchange for any political favor, however slight, is corruption. If not, then our entire political system will be deemed more corrupt and rigged than most people already believe. And special interest groups will become bolder in cashing in on political favors and stating “business as usual.”


UPDATE:  At oral arguments held on April 27, the justices on both sides of the political spectrum  seemed inclined to lean towards McDonnell’s position–as setting up meetings is nothing out of the ordinary.  A decision will be rendered by the end of June.


Washington, DC based Debbie Hines is a trial lawyer, member of the Supreme Court bar, legal analyst and former prosecutor. Her Op Ed articles appear in the Washington Post, Huffington Post and Baltimore Sun. She appears on air on Al Jazeera, BET, CBS News, C-Span, Fox 5 DC, MSNBC, Sky News, PBS, among others.


Why Tamir Rice $6 Million Settlement is not Justice

April 25th, 2016 | Tags: , , , , ,
Posted in Legal | No Comments »

supcourt_buildingTamir Rice’s family received a $6 million settlement as did the families of Freddie Gray and Eric Garner for wrongs committed by the police resulting in their loved ones’ deaths.  Money does not equal justice. In America, where a twelve year old African American child is gunned down for playing in a park near his home and no one is held accountable, indicted, charged or arrested, there is no justice.  When a 26 year old African American man is taken into police custody in a police van and receives a spinal cord injury and dies, justice remains elusive as 6 Baltimore police remain free awaiting trials. And when an African American man is arrested by police on the streets of New York City who then yells “I can’t breathe” and dies in a police choke hold with no charges against the police officers, there is no justice.

Justice is often used but rarely defined in our culture.    I looked at several places to search the meaning of the word “justice”. The earliest is found in the Bible in the Book of Micah states in regards to (social) justice that we are to do justice, (meaning we are to do what is right).  The US Pledge of Allegiance speaks of pledging “allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”—But is there really justice for all in the US?

The legal symbol of justice is the statue of the blind folded lady holding the equally balanced scales of justice indicating that justice doesn’t see the color of one’s skin and is balanced.  But is justice really color blind and balanced?

Inscribed on the Department of Justice Building in Washington, DC are the words “Liberty is maintained in the security of justice.”   The Department of Justice building is within minutes of the Supreme Court – where the highest court  building façade bears two mottos:  “Equal Justice  Under the Law”;  And on another side, it  is inscribed “Justice the guardian of liberty.  Said another way, justice is the guardian or protector of freedom.  Are African Americans free if justice evades them?  Apparently one doesn’t work without the other.

When the Democratic convention is held in Philadelphia in July, 2016, I expect to hear a platform adopted on criminal justice.  And our leaders should demand that a criminal justice platform include mandatory statistics be kept on the number and information of people killed by police.  Presently, no formal database exists in every state. Individual scholars and a few journalists attempt to provide information on police shootings which result in death.  FBI Director James Coomey supports a national database of police shootings and calls the lack of one “embarrassing”.   Most of the information collected and widely disseminated for 2015 is from the Washington Post.  And yet Attorney General Loretta Lynch states the police should not be required to maintain an accounting of those whom the police killed.  She does not support a federal mandate requiring accountability of those police shooting and killing people.

I believe there should be mandatory accounting for all 50 states and the District of Columbia to maintain a database—regardless of the cost of doing it.  The cost of taking a life far exceeds and outweighs any cost of keeping track of the problem. We cannot truly fix a problem until we understand the gravity of the problem.  Tamir Rice, Eric Garner and Freddie Gray are just a few victims killed by police whose names and circumstances we know.

Monetary settlements will not fix the problem of police wrongfully killing people—only justice in a criminal court will suffice.

Washington, DC based Debbie Hines is a trial lawyer, legal analyst and former Baltimore prosecutor. She is seen on Al Jazeera, CBS News, BET, C-Span, Fox 5 DC, MSNBC and PBS among others. Her Op Ed articles appear in the Washington Post, Huffington Post and Baltimore Sun.


Johnny Manziel Joins Ray Rice with Domestic Violence Case

April 25th, 2016 | Tags: , , ,
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JohnnyManzielFormer Cleveland Browns NFL quarterback Johnny Manziel joins the long list of NFL players who have been charged with domestic violence.  A Dallas County Grand Jury indicted Manziel on a misdemeanor assault charge against his ex-girlfriend Colleen Crowley for an alleged assault occurring on January 29, 2016.  Crowley received a civil stay away court order until February, 2018, ordering Manziel to remain 500 feet away from her. And if Ray Rice’s case is any indication of what will happen in a criminal court, Manziel is likely to receive a slap on the wrist.  Rice was able to enter a New Jersey Court intervention program where his record was wiped clean—despite the egregious elevator footage of his attack on his now wife.


Manziel and Rice do not stand alone in their domestic violence cases.  Jerry Angelo, a former Chicago Bears general manager spoke out about hundreds of domestic violence complaints during his 30 years in the league that went unpunished.  Famed NFL player Jim Brown in 1968 faced his first of many domestic violence charges, an assault with intent to murder, with other domestic violence charges following in 1985, 1986 and 1999.   One of the most egregious domestic violence cases was former Carolina Panthers player, Rae Carruth, who was found guilty of conspiracy to commit murder on his pregnant girlfriend in 1999.   A USA Today database that tracks NFL player arrests since 2000 found there were 87 domestic violence arrests among 80 players. And these numbers only deal with arrests and not actual complaints that did not result in an arrest.


NFL named an anti-violence policy group that will meet regularly to assist in designing a league protocol on handling domestic violence. However, there must be more action taken on the domestic violence issue in the NFL to prevent future incidents from occurring or to prevent someone’s life from being taken by a NFL player.  The actions must be more than suspensions of games and/or fines, if the NFL is committed to taking a stand against domestic violence.

The issue of domestic violence is a complex issue in the NFL.  And it must have a comprehensive approach in dealing with the issue.


debbie-hines-reel-2015Washington, DC based Debbie Hines is a trial lawyer and former prosecutor who has represented  many victims of domestic violence.

My Tribute to Prince

April 22nd, 2016 | Tags: , ,
Posted in Legal | No Comments »


LAS VEGAS, NV - MAY 19: Musician Prince performs onstage during the 2013 Billboard Music Awards at the MGM Grand Garden Arena on May 19, 2013 in Las Vegas, Nevada. (Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)

Prince performs onstage during the May 19, 2013 Billboard Music Awards. (Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)

Prince Rogers Nelson left what we celebrate as “this thing called life” on April 21, 2016.  Prince’s legacy will remain eternal in this life and in the after-life.  When news broke of Prince’s death, I was numb at the thought of his passing too soon.  People from around the world are celebrating his life and legacy.  Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016) deserves all the accolades for his life, legacy, music and message.   From multi-talented musician, singer, song writer, record producer, actor, to film director, there will never be another musical genius like Prince in our lifetime.


Prince was more than a musician.  In the words of President Obama, Prince was a “creative icon.” As one Twitter user, “@ElusiveJ  eloquently stated,  “Thinking about how we mourn artists we’ve never met. We don’t cry because we knew them, we cry because they helped us know ourselves.”  And Prince’s music, message and life helped us to know ourselves and who we should become in this thing called life.


I first saw Prince in concert in Maryland in 1984. However, I will always remember his 2015 benefit Rally for Peace concert in my native Baltimore following the Freddie Gray unrest.  From the proceeds of the concert and live streaming, Prince contributed $35,000 to Open Society Instituter- Baltimore’s Justice Fund.  He also contributed $30,000 to Youth Works, a summer jobs program for Baltimore youth—creating 20 jobs for Baltimore youth. And the NAACP’s Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics received an undisclosed amount, pursuant to an agreement with Prince.  He created a song to commemorate the life of Freddie Gray—bringing further attention to Gray’s death at the hands of Baltimore police.


As a lawyer, I can’t but help appreciate Prince’s long fought legal fight beginning in the 1990’s to retain ownership over the rights to his masters’ catalog.  He even changed his name to an unpronounceable symbol in denouncing the inability to retain the rights to his back catalog—with the word “Slave” written on his face. And in 2014, he was able to strike a deal to regain control over his back catalog from Warner Brothers due to copyright laws.   His music spanned decades and reached multiple generations—worldwide.


Media outlets are now searching for the cause of Prince’s death. For me, it is unimportant to know how Prince died. It is only important to know how he lived his life with integrity and purpose.  His music will go on for an eternity.  No one word or one song can sum up Prince.   His legacy will remain alive in the hearts of those whom he affected through his music.  And Prince affected just about everyone on this side of heaven.


Former Baltimore Prosecutor’s Perspective on Freddie Gray-1 Year Later

April 19th, 2016 | Tags: , , ,
Posted in Legal | No Comments »
Credit: Murphy, Falcon and Murphy

Credit: Murphy, Falcon and Murphy

On April 19, 2015 Freddie Gray died from spinal injuries sustained on April 12, 2015 after being found unconscious 45 minutes after being placed in a Baltimore police van. In the one year since Freddie Gray’s death, there has been no accountability for his death.  Six police officers were charged in the death of Gray on May 1, 2015. Whether Baltimore prosecutors will be able to convict any of the six officers still remains a mystery.  The death of Freddie Gray is only one part of what the Freddie Gray case exposed about Baltimore.


On May 1, 2015, State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby charged 6 police officers in the death of Freddie Gray with charges ranging from second degree murder, manslaughter, second degree assault, and various counts of misconduct.  The first trial of William Porter ended in a mistrial in December.


While some legal scholars and analysts derided Mosby for overcharging the officers and swiftly charging them weeks later following the incident, as a former Baltimore City prosecutor, I disagree with their criticism.  What the criticism fails to recognize is that the officers were charged, unlike in the other high profile police death cases of Michael Brown, Tamir Rice and Eric Garner.  And in the Chicago case of LaQuan McDonald, it took evidence of an apparent cover up of a video tape before officers were charged in his death. While there may be a dispute as to whether the charges against the six Baltimore officers will result in any convictions, it should be up to a jury to decide the fate of the officers—not the State’s Attorney.  It is the job of the State’s Attorney to proceed whenever there is probable cause to proceed with charges against an individual and if the case merits prosecution.  The message that Mosby sent is no one is above the law, including police officers.


The first trial against Officer Porter exposed the mismanagement of the Baltimore Police Department. Officers routinely disregarded police internal orders such as the ones on safety and seatbelt restraint which would have saved Gray’s life.  New Baltimore Police Chief Kevin Davis must change the police culture and earn the respect and trust of the citizens which he and his fellow officers serve.  Acknowledging and addressing rough rides is one aspect. The act of “manically” driving a prisoner unrestrained in a police van has long been the subject of suspected police abuse and mistreatment—suspected in Gray’s case.



While a conviction in any of the six officers’ cases may send a morale boost to some Baltimore residents, it will do little for the Baltimore’s economy.  The primary election to elect a new mayor is April 26, 2016.  The winner of the Baltimore Democratic mayoral primary will likely become the next mayor of Baltimore. An opportunity and challenge exists for the new Mayor of Baltimore.


The real challenge will be whether a new mayor will be able to help the Freddie Grays in Baltimore and the deplorable depressed areas in many parts of the city caused by economic plight.  Census statistics show that almost 25% of Baltimore residents live below the poverty level. It will take more than a conviction in the police officers’ cases to address the ills in Baltimore caused by years of neglect in many parts of the City.


And no matter who is elected mayor, the City of Baltimore will need and continue to need funding from the State of Maryland to turn around decades of economic plight.  Job training, economic stimulus, drug treatment, affordable and decent housing and jobs must come to Baltimore.  Republican Governor Larry Hogan’s administration intends to invest $135 million to fix the City’s broken transit system for better connection to jobs plus adding jobs in the process.  More state help is needed to address jobs, education, drug treatment and housing.


As much as I want to see criminal justice done in the case of Freddie Gray, economic justice must also come to the residents of my beloved hometown of Baltimore City.  That should be the real legacy of the aftermath of the Freddie Gray case.


Debbie Hines at the Capitol

Debbie Hines at the Capitol

Washington, DC based Debbie Hines is a trial lawyer, legal analyst and former Baltimore City prosecutor.  She is frequently seen on air on Al Jazeera, BET, CBS, CCTV, Fox 5 DC, MSNBC, Sky News, TV One, among others.  Her Op Ed’s appear in the Washington Post, Huffington Post and Baltimore Sun.








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